A small elite clique from the Angolan government at the highest level have and working in close partnership with Trafigura via the China International Fund, have:
— using Chinese state loans, repaid with Angolan oil, rebuilt the Angolan railway system for their own private but secret gain as well;
— in close collaboration with international commodities trader Trafigura, helping them into a pre-eminent and dominant fuel trading position in the entire sub-region;
— effectively established a secret chokehold, by control over the ports and railways via private entities, over the Angolan economy and especially its iron mining and steel-making industry.
This group has big ambitions for neighbouring Katanga Province that could potentially destabilise the Democratic Republic of the Congo even further.